Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Aubergine and goodbye holidays..

24th August 2016

Aubergine is one of my favourite vegetable so I bought it in the grocery two days ago.
I have decided to prepare it filling augergine with rice, carrots, pepper and red onion. I have baked it for 30 minutes in the oven. It was delicious.


Yummy.


Life goes on and we almost finished our school holidays.

Monday, 22 August 2016

Fascinating rainbow

23rd August 2016

One day in July was adangerous storm and later the great rainbow appeared in the sky over my summer place. 



Over my neighbour's house.



Rainbow was really awesome.Enjoy.

Sunday, 21 August 2016

Local park is very peaceful

22nd August 2016

I love walking with my dog so we walk long distances every day. One of my favourite place is local park which stared many years ago and includes a big pond. My dog loves walking next to it.








Sunflowers are symbol of upcoming autumn..
Tramp is looking for toads which he hates them.


Have a peaceful day!!

Love from Poland..

Ignacy Łukasiewicz - a man who invented a kerosene lamp

21 th August 2016


Zręcin is a small village in the South East of Poland where Ignacy Łukasiewicz and his wife are buried. He was the inventor of kerosone lamp.

Ignacy Łukasiewicz was born on 8 March 1822 in Zaduszniki, near Mielec, in the Austrian Empire (after the partition of Poland) as the youngest of five children. His family had Armenian origins and his parents were Apolonia, née Świetlik, and Józef Łukasiewicz, a member of the localintelligentsia nobility entitled to use Łada coat of arms and a veteran of Kościuszko's Uprising. They rented a small manor in Zaduszniki, but soon after Ignacy's birth the family was forced to relocate to nearby city of Rzeszów due to financial difficulties. There Ignacy entered the local secondary school (Konarski's Gymnasium), but failed to pass the exams and left in 1836. In order to help his parents and financially support all of the relatives, he moved to Łańcut, where he began work as a pharmacist's assistant in a chemist. Towards the end of his life Łukasiewicz often described his childhood as happy; the atmosphere at home was patriotic and somewhat democratic and he commonly recalled his first tutor, Colonel Woysym-Antoniewicz, who was also a resident in their house.


Career as chemist

On 15 August 1848 he was employed at one of the biggest and best pharmacies in Austrian Galicia (so-called "Austrian Poland"); the Golden Star  Pharmacy in Lwów, owned by Piotr Mikolasch. In 1850, a handheld pharmaceutical almanac and a precious document entitled manuskrypt, the joint work of Mikolasch and Łukasiewicz was published. Because of this achievement, the authorities granted him a permit to continue pharmaceutical studies at the Royal Jagiellonian University in Kraków. After several years of studies, financed mostly by Mikolasch, he passed all his university examinations except for that in pharmacognosy, which prevented him from graduating. Finally on 30 July 1852 Łukasiewicz graduated from the pharmacy department at the University of Vienna, where he earned a master's degree in pharmaceutics. As soon as he returned to the pharmacy of Piotr Mikolasch in Lwów, he began a new phase of his life devoted to the studies of exploiting kerosene.
Galician oil wells
Oil wells, Grabownica Starzeńska, 1930s

Petroleum industry and oil lamp

While oil was known to exist for a long time in the Subcarpathian-Galician region, it was more commonly used as an animal drug and lubricant, but Łukasiewicz was the first person to distill the liquid in Poland and in the world and was able to exploit it for lighting and create a brand new industry. In autumn of 1852 Łukasiewicz, Mikolasch and his colleague John Zeh analyzed the oil, which was provided in a few barrels by traders from the town of Drohobycz. After pharmaceutical methods and processes the purified oil was obtained and sold in the local pharmacies, but the orders were small due to high prices. In early 1854 Łukasiewicz moved to Gorlice, where he continued his work. He set up many companies together with entrepreneurs and landowners. That same year, he opened the world's first oil "mine" at Bóbrka, near Krosno (still operational as of 2006). At the same time Łukasiewicz continued his work on kerosene lamps. Later that year, he set up the first kerosene street lamp in Gorlice's Zawodzie district. In subsequent years he opened several other oil wells, each as a joint venture with local merchants and businessmen. In 1856 in Ulaszowice, near Jasło, he opened an "oil distillery" — the world's first industrial oil refinery. As demand for kerosene was still low, the plant initially produced mostly artificial asphalt, machine oil, and lubricants. The refinery was destroyed in an 1859 fire, but was rebuilt at Polanka, nearKrosno, the following year.

Later life and death

By 1863 Łukasiewicz, who had moved to Jasło in 1858, was a wealthy man. He openly supported the January 1863 Uprising and financed help for refugees. In 1865 he bought a large manor and the village of Chorkówka. There he established yet another oil refinery. Having gained one of the largest fortunes in Galicia, Łukasiewicz promoted the development of the oil industry in the areas of Dukla and Gorlice. He gave his name to several oil-mining enterprises in the area, including oil wells at Ropianka, Wilsznia, Smereczne, Ropa, and Wójtowa. He also became a regional benefactor and founded a spa resort at Bóbrka, a chapel at Chorkówka, and a large church at Zręcin.(wiki)

Church in Zrecin - Lukasiewicz was his founder





Add caption

Now is renovation in the church.

There is a picture which commemorates Łukasiewicz  in the church.





Nearby the chuirch is a cementery where there is a grave of Łukasiewicz and his wife Honorata.



All photos I took last July..

Saturday, 20 August 2016

My new friend

20th August 2016

Today is Saturday so it means weekend and I would like to introduce you a great gentleman. Enjoy the photos.


Morning toilet

Proud cockerel

Hens are under control.


Have a fantastic day!!!
Love from farm..

Thursday, 18 August 2016

The way of cross in the forest

19th  August 2016


It is interesting but way of the cross in hermitage of St. John's is situated in the middle of wood. It looks fantastic..




It doesn't mater you believe in God or not  but definitely you can spend here a peaceful day or our and escape from civilisation which is very important in our busy and crazy world.
 Do you agree?


The road to Republic of Slovakia

Wednesday, 17 August 2016

St. john's hut in ( hermitage) Dukla

18th August 2016


Hermitage of St. John's in Dukla is very popular with tourists especially in spring and summer when a lot of people visit it. It ids located in the middle of wood. It is a small hut where John lived in the 16th century of course it was rebuild. But what is important it was rebuilt on the same place as in John's time
It is hard to believe how his lifestyle looked like in the past. No electricity,no central heating but it had fresh air unpoilt nature, a lot of herbs and God in the heaven.

He led simple life but happy one.




Inside the hut. It was a simple bed and a table...





In the background Cergowa Mount. 

Mt. Cergowa (716 m.) Beskid Niski from the area of Krosno/South Poland. Abundance of hills, forests, meadows..and freedom.








The oak which commemorates John Paul II who was here...

John was born in Dukla, Poland, in 1414. Died in 1484 in Lwów, Poland. He joined the Friars Minor Conventual, a religious order whose members strictly adhered to their rule of poverty and obedience.Though he went blind later in age he was able to prepare sermons with the help of an aide. His preaching was credited with bringing people back to the Church in his province.Soon after his death, there was an immediate veneration at his tomb and several miracles were attributed to him.
On June 10, 1997, he was canonized by Pope John Paul II in a mass at Krosno, Poland, before approximately one million peopl